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PRBB-CRG Sessions Liam Holt

PRBB-CRG Sessions Liam HoltPRBB-CRG Sessions Liam Holt

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PRBB-CRG Sessions Liam Holt


02/06/202312:00MARIE CURIEPRBB-CRG SessionsLiam HoltAssociate Professor, Institute for Systems Genetics, New York University School of Medicine, USA"Crowding, compression, and condensation"Host: Elvan BökeAbstract:Thousands of biochemical reactions occur simultaneously in the cell. Small molecules are channeled through metabolic pathways at blistering speed. Giant complexes assemble to orchestrate transcription and translation. ATP fuels the active transport of organelles along microtubules, and actin networks drive membrane remodeling and agitate the cytoplasm. All of this occurs within a crowded cell interior that approaches the physical limits where molecular jamming and glassy transitions can occur. This extreme physical environment is both essential for life, and a potential liability. If cells become too dilute, they senesce and die. On the other hand, mechanical compression increases crowding and eventually stalls growth. Perturbations to crowding change the balance of reaction rates in the cell. Crowding also drives biomolecular condensation, which in turn is thought to regulate myriad processes. We propose that perturbations to the physical properties of the cell interior through metabolic changes and mechanical compression play an important role in both normal cell biology and disease.